Functional Compartment Pressure Measurement

Functional Compartment Pressure Measurement

Functional compartment syndrome occurs due to the high pressure that arises from the increasing volume during increased blood flow to the muscles in the connective tissue layer around the muscles. This can lead to pain, neuro-muscular disorders, and circulatory disorders, which typically manifest as pain in the front part of the shin, especially in endurance sports such as running.

To secure the diagnosis of functional compartment syndrome, a compartment pressure measurement is performed. However, this is costly and time-consuming and must be borne by the patient in most cases.

Treatment is usually conservative, involving physical and physiotherapeutic measures as well as muscle relaxants. If this is not sufficient, minimally invasive compartmental release may be performed.

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For differential diagnosis, other possible causes such as stress reactions or stress fractures must be ruled out. Inadequate training planning can also lead to muscle overload.

Anamnesis plays a crucial role in diagnosing functional compartment syndrome. In addition, X-rays and MRIs may be performed to rule out other causes.

Endoscopically assisted compartment release surgery is an option if conservative measures do not improve the condition. After surgery, weight-bearing can be adapted to the pain level, and a gradual increase in load can be initiated under physiotherapeutic guidance.